Online Adaptive Asymmetric Active Learning with Limited Budgets

Abstract

Online Active Learning (OAL) aims to manage unlabeled datastream by selectively querying the label of data. OAL is applicable to many real-world problems, such as anomaly detection in health-care and finance. In these problems, there are two key challenges, the query budget is often limited; the ratio between classes is highly imbalanced. In practice, it is quite difficult to handle imbalanced unlabeled datastream when only a limited budget of labels can be queried for training. To solve this, previous OAL studies adopt either asymmetric losses or queries (an isolated asymmetric strategy) to tackle the imbalance, and use first-order methods to optimize the cost-sensitive measure. However, the isolated strategy limits their performance in class imbalance, while first-order methods restrict their optimization performance. In this paper, we propose a novel Online Adaptive Asymmetric Active learning algorithm, based on a new asymmetric strategy (merging both asymmetric losses and queries strategies), and second-order optimization. We theoretically analyze its mistake bound and cost-sensitive metric bounds. Moreover, to better balance performance and efficiency, we enhance our algorithm via a sketching technique, which significantly accelerates the computational speed with quite slight performance degradation. Promising results demonstrate the effectiveness and efficiency of the proposed methods.

Publication
IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering
Jiezhang Cao
Jiezhang Cao
Ph.D. student

I am a lucky boy.

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